Posts Tagged ‘defense’

Captain Rick: Federal grants are a good thing when they are funded by real money … but the fact is many of America’s federal grants come from money that does not exist and adds directly to the U.S. national debt. Many federal grants are robbing the future of our children and grandchildren by burdening them with monumental debt.

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U.S. Budget Facts

U.S. Tax Revenue: $2.5 trillion
U.S. Spending: $3.6 trillion
U.S. Deficit: $1.1 trillion

U.S. Budget Details

Obligated expenses (backed by U.S. law)
Social Security: $781 billion (dedicated funded from the Social Security 6.2% payroll tax)
Medicare: $419 billion (dedicated funding from the Medicare 1.45% payroll tax)
Medicaid: $400 billion (a social welfare program, using money from the federal general fund)
Interest on National Debt: $223 billion (mandatory debt payment to prevent U.S. default)
Federal Pensions: $216 billion (includes civilian and military retirement benefits and veteran benefits)
Sub total: $2 trillion (this leaves only $500 billion for all other expenses before consuming all U.S. tax revenue)

Discretionary expenses:
Defense/Wars: $664 billon
Income Security: $352 billion (incudes unemployment compensation, various welfare programs such as family support and nutrition programs and earned income credits)
Other (including Federal Grants): $500 billion
Grand total: $3.6 trillion (a deficit of $1.1 trillion)

Conclusion: it is obvious that unless America wants to totally eliminate all money spent on defense, wars, unemployment, family welfare, etc. there is no tax revenue left to spend on any federal grant of any kind.

U.S. National Debt

America’s debt is now at a staggering $16.8 trillion and rising at a high rate of speed.
America’s debt represents a debt of $53,277 for every person in America…$148,265 for every tax payer.

Its time for everyone in America realize the seriousness of America’s debt crisis … including local and state politicians who love to accept those federal grant dollars that come from the ‘black hole’ and add directly to the U.S. National Debt.

Federal Grants 101

In the United States, federal grants are economic aid issued by the United States government out of the general federal revenue. A federal grant is an award of financial assistance from a federal agency to a recipient to carry out a public purpose of support or stimulation authorized by a law of the United States.

Some federal grants like those from the U.S. Department of Transportation for roads and transportation projects are partially funded by dedicated fuel and tire taxes, however the balance (about 1/3) comes from the general fund which is supported primarily by federal income taxes via tax returns. On the other hand, federal grants like community development block grants (CDBG) from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), have little or no dedicated tax funding and are mostly paid for by money in the general fund. Because the U.S. general fund runs a negative balance of $1.1 trillion each year…in essence, all federal grants not specifically funded by special taxes are adding directly to the U.S. national debt.

Federal grants are defined and governed by the Federal Grant and Cooperative Agreement Act of 1977, as incorporated in Title 31 Section 6304 of the U.S. Code.

A Federal grant is a
legal instrument reflecting the relationship between the United States Government and a State, a local government, or other entity when
1) the principal purpose of the relationship is to transfer a thing of value to the State or local government or other recipient to carry out a public purpose of support or stimulation authorized by a law of the United States instead of acquiring (by purchase, lease, or barter) property or services for the direct benefit or use of the United States Government; and
2) substantial involvement is not expected between the executive agency and the State, local government, or other recipient when carrying out the activity contemplated in the agreement.”

Types of grants
Block grants are large grants provided from the federal government to state or local governments for use in a general purpose.
Project grants are grants given by the government to fund research projects, such as a research project for medical purposes.
Formula grants provide funds as dictated by a law. Categorical grants may be spent only for narrowly defined purposes and recipients often must match a portion of the federal funds.
33% of categorical grants are considered to be formula grants. About 90% of federal aid dollars are spent for categorical grants.
Earmark grants are explicitly specified in appropriations of the U.S. Congress.
They are not competitively awarded and have become highly controversial because of the heavy involvement of paid political lobbyists used in securing them.

I welcome your comments, likes, shares and following of my blog! (If not visible, click the red title above)

Info from previous reports:

Federal Grants: https://atridim.wordpress.com/category/federal-grants/

U.S. Debt Crisis: https://atridim.wordpress.com/category/u-s-debt-crisis/

Fiscal Cliff 101: https://atridim.wordpress.com/category/fiscal-cliff-course-101/

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Captain Rick: That “debt can” that President Obama kicked down the road on January 1 by signing of the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, in an effort to avoid the Fiscal Cliff, revisits on March 27, 2013 when the federal government again faces a shutdown because it has again reached the debt ceiling, now set at $16.4 trillion.

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Funding for the U.S. government expires on March 27, 2013 unless Congress acts. If they fail, the federal government will shut down on March 28. All government operations would cease, except for essential services.

Since lawmakers will not agree to a real budget by this date, they will have to agree on temporarily funding the government for a few weeks or a few months … again. The Republicans are presenting a plan on Thursday to extending funding to the end of the fiscal years which ends is September, but it includes a $7 billion restoration of defense funds in exchange for cuts elsewhere. A big question remains…will Democrats go along with this? It will all unfold in coming days.

Boehner’s comments on NBC’s “Meet the Press”

It is evident that the Republicans will allow no more tax increases…made very clear by House Speaker John A. Boehner (R-Ohio) who said on NBC’s “Meet the Press” that he discussed the need to avoid a shutdown with President Obama at a meeting Friday between the president and congressional leaders.

Boehner said the House will vote this week to keep the federal government operating through September, when the fiscal year ends, and avoid a potentially politically damaging shutdown.

The move would be the second time since the election that Boehner has avoided a fight, desired by some House conservatives, in order to keep the GOP from possible blame. He led House Republicans to raise the debt ceiling in January to fend off a repeat of the 2011 conflict that led to the sequester.

“The president this morning agreed that we should not have any talk of a government shutdown,” Boehner said. “So I’m hopeful that the House and Senate will be able to work through this.”

“I’m going to say it one more time,” Boehner said. “The president got his tax hikes on January the first. The issue here is spending. Spending is out of control. There are smarter ways to cut spending than this silly sequester that the president demanded. And so, we need to address the long-term spending problem. But we can’t cut our way to prosperity.”

“We had a very pleasant meeting, but it was also a very frank meeting,” Boehner said. “I made it clear to the president that again, a trillion dollars worth of tax hikes in Obamacare. And you have another $650 billion worth of tax hikes on January the first. You can’t tax our way out of this problem. We’ve got to deal with the spending side, just like every American family has to.”

Listen, every American knows Washington has a spending problem. Every American, in these tough economic times, has to find a way to balance their budget.”

Boehner said Republicans were done raising taxes after agreeing to the “fiscal cliff” deal in January that raised more than $600 billion in revenue. Any new revenue gained from closing tax loopholes, he said, should be put into lowering tax rates.

“The president got $650 billion of higher taxes on the American people on January the 1st,” Boehner said. “How much more does he want? When is the president going to address the spending side of this?”

Captain Rick’s closing thoughts …  will Washington avert shutdown again”?

I think most Americans are with me in expecting that Washington will pull off a circus act just prior to the closing curtain as it always manages to do. However, this showdown is not a done deal…especially concerning the defense appropriations. I think the Defense Department should endure the same cuts as as all others. I don’t think it needs special treatment. I believe many Americans believe the U.S. Defense Department could easily be cut without sacrificing America’s safety. I think many will agree that it is time for America to stop playing “Police of the World” …at American taxpayer expense.

I welcome your comments, likes and shares!

Info from previous reports:

Fiscal Cliff: https://atridim.wordpress.com/category/fiscal-cliff-course-101/

U.S. Debt Crisis: https://atridim.wordpress.com/category/u-s-debt-crisis/

Captain Rick: The ‘Fiscal Cliff’ is a monumental financial challenge that faces the U.S. and all Americans on January 1, 2013. $7 Trillion in tax increases and spending cuts will begin. The only thing that can stop them from taking affect is for congress and the president to come to an agreement before January 1, 2013. That is not likely with America’s current slate who are in gridlock. A change of faces in D.C. as a result of the November election could improve matters.

Short of a miracle to break Washington D.C. gridlock, on January 1, 2013 the $7 Trillion ‘Fiscal Cliff’ will take place. This is what I anticipate:

Defense will be cut $55 billion in 2013, 10%. I believe our defense department is overloaded with inefficiency and waste beyond 10%. Perhaps this will help our defense department to become more efficient in the expenditure of tax payer funds.

Non-defense will be cut $55 billion in 2013, 10%. Non-defense includes education, Medicaid, food inspections and air travel safety and Medicare. Perhaps this will help all of these departments to become more efficient in the expenditure of tax payer funds.

Bush era tax cuts will end. These tax cuts were stupid and reckless and should never have been implemented. In view of the poor state of the American economy, they should end.

Obama’s Payroll tax holiday will end. The Social Security tax rate reverts to 6.2%, up2%. This tax cut was stupid and reckless and should never have been implemented. It has robbed the Social Security trust fund and shortens the time before the fund become insolvent. This reduction was stealing promised receipts from Social Security trust fund of all elderly Americans. This tax holiday must end.

Unemployment benefits will revert back to the old norm of 26 weeks, down form the current 99. It worked for the better part of the last century. It can work again. The solution to put America back to work will not be accomplished by providing long term unemployment benefits. We need a plan to grow our economy, which will create new jobs.

Medicare Doc Fix expires. Payment to care providers will drop 2%. This is not a problem for people on original Medicare…only those that subscribe to the plans offered by the insurance companies…ones I think should be put out of commission or figure out a way to provide Medicare for the same price the government pays for original Medicare…without the 20% subsidy the insurance companies are receiving now.

The bottom line is that America has been floating on so much fat for so many years. We can and should give up the fat. The ‘Fiscal Cliff’ will have a large impact on those who abuse tax dollars. It will have a minimal effect on honest, hard-working Americans.

It is no secret that America has been living ‘high on the hog’ … well beyond its means for many years. The time has come to pay the price. We either do it now in a constructive manor or pay a much steeper price later…one that could convert the United States of America to a third world country in the not to distant future.